The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict that devastated Spain from 17 July 1936 to 1 April 1939. It began after an attempted by a groups Spanish Army generals against the government of the Second Spanish Republic, then under the leadership of president Manuel Azaña.
The nationalist insurgency was supported by the conservative Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right, monarchists known as Carlist groups, and the Fascist Falange. The war ended with the victory of the rebel forces, the overthrow of the Republican government, and the founding of a dictatorship led by General Francisco Franco. In the aftermath of the civil war, all right-wing parties were fused into the state party of the Franco regime.